Shoulder pain is an extremely common complaint, and there are many common causes of this problem. It is important to make an accurate diagnosis of the cause of your symptoms so that appropriate treatment can be directed at the cause.
The shoulder is the most flexible joint in the human body. The anatomical structure of this joint enables it to have an incredible amount of freedom or range of motion. The ability to move the shoulder joint in a wide variety of directions is vital for complete functionality in daily activities.
If you have shoulder pain, some common causes include:
Bursitis/Rotator Cuff Tendonitis. The most common diagnosis in patients with shoulder pain is bursitis or tendonitis of the rotator cuff.
Rotator Cuff Tear. Rotator cuff tears occur when the tendons of the rotator cuff separate from the bone. Surgery is sometimes necessary for this condition.
Frozen Shoulder. Also called “adhesive capsuliitis”, this is a common condition that leads to stiffness of the joint. Physical therapy and stretching are extremely important aspects of treatment.
Calcific Tendonitis. Calcific tendonitis is a condition of calcium deposits within a tendon-most commonly within the rotator cuff tendons. Treatment of calcific tendonitis depends on the extent of symptoms.
Shoulder Instability. Instability is a problem that causes a loose joint. Instability can be caused by a traumatic injury.
Shoulder Dislocation. A dislocation is an injury that occurs when the top of the arm bone becomes disconnected from the scapula.
Labral Tear. There are several patterns of a torn labrum and the type of treatment depends on the specific injury.
SLAP Lesion. The SLAP lesion is also a type of labral tear. The most common cause is a fall onto an outstretched hand.
Arthritis. Shoulder arthritis is less common than knee and hip arthritis, but when severe may require a joint replacement.
Biceps Tendon Rupture. A proximal biceps tendon rupture occurs when the tendon of the biceps muscle ruptures near the joint.
What are the best treatments for shoulder pain?
Rest. The first treatment for many common conditions that cause shoulder pain is to rest the joint, and allow the
acute inflammation to subside. It is important, however, to use caution when resting the joint, because prolonged immobilization can cause a frozen shoulder.
Ice and Heat Application. Ice packs and heat pads are among the most commonly used treatments for shoulder pain.
Stretching. Stretching the muscles and tendons that surround the joint can help with some causes of shoulder pain.
Physical Therapy. Physical therapy is an important aspect of treatment of almost all orthopedic conditions. Physical therapists use different modalities to increase strength, regain mobility, and help return patients to their pre-injury level of activity.
Aquamed Dry Hydrotherapy
ATM (Acute Therapeutic Movement)
Integrative Dry Needling